Biography

Henry Moret (12 December 1856, Cherbourg – 5 May 1913, Paris) was a French Impressionist painter. He was one of the artists who associated with Gauguin at Pont-Aven in Brittany. He is best known for his involvement in the Pont-Aven artist colony and his richly colored landscapes of coastal Brittany.

 

Moret first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1880, presenting La plage de Locqueltas à marée basse; côte de Bretagne. He maintained contacts with Corroller, often returning to Brittany. In 1888, he arrived in Pont-Aven which had begun to attract a number of artists including Ernest de Chamaillard, Émile Jourdan, and Charles Lavant, with Paul Gauguin playing the leading role. Moret was one of the first painters to move to nearby le Pouldu which soon became the new centre of attraction for the Pont-Aven artists. His work began to show signs of Symbolism, probably as a result of Gauguin's influence.

 

After Gauguin left the area in 1891, Moret began to develop his own style. In 1895, he established a fruitful relationship with Paul Durand-Ruel who maintained a number of galleries in Paris, London and New York, with an emphasis on Impressionism. During their relationship, Moret completed over 600 paintings, many of which were exhibited in Paris and New York leading to a growing clientele for his work. Moret also exhibited seven of his Breton paintings at the Salon des Indépendants. After 1900, Moret became more immersed in Impressionism, applying small flecks of paint to his work rather than the broad strokes favored by the Pont-Aven artists. Increasingly he focused on landscapes where his light effects can be seen in the sunsets and storm scenes he painted around 1909. In addition to his oils for Durand-Ruel, he also completed some 800 watercolors and drawings.

 

After initially painting in a rather classical manner, Moret's style developed under the influence of Gauguin and the Pont-Aven artists. As time went by, his works became increasingly Impressionistic, while revealing his love of nature. In Henry Moret, aquarelles et peinture 1856–1913, Maxime Maufra comments: "Coasts, forests, valleys, in every season he observed them with all his senses, reproducing them with all his spirit and sincerity.

 

Museum Collections:

Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan

Hermitage Museum, Leningrad

Museé des Beaux-Arts de Brest, France

Museé des Beaux-Arts de Quimper, France

Museé National des Douanes, Bordeaux

Museum of Modern Religious Art, Vatican City, Rome

Museum of St. Petersburg, Russia

National Gallery, Washington DC

National Museums and Galleries of Wales

Norton Gallery and School of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida

Queensland National Art Gallery & Museum, Australia

Sheffield Art Galleries, United Kingdom

Southampton Art Gallery, United Kingdom

Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio